No, there isn’t any real support in WP for tables, there never has been.
No, In WP the template files are a mix of PHP code and HTML, not separation. I personally like it this way.
Unfortunately, I can’t give you any pointers on elementor, I don’t use these types of tools and prefer coding. ACF is really a tool that’s built for people that like to code the templates themselves. There are other custom field plugins that do more and can remove the need to code and also supply templating features for those that do not do coding https://wordpress.org/plugins/types/
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