What you are trying to do is beyond the scope and capability of the ACF shortcode. The reason, I assume by reading your problem, is to show values from a term that the post in a CPT is assigned to.
If you want to do this with shortcodes then you must built your own shortcode that can get the post term in your custom taxonomy that is assigned to the post and get the fields from that term.
Welcome to the Advanced Custom Fields community forum.
Browse through ideas, snippets of code, questions and answers between fellow ACF users
Helping others is a great way to earn karma, gain badges and help ACF development!
2022 was a big year for Advanced Custom Fields, with more capabilities, a new generation of ACF Blocks, a refreshed UI, and a new home. Our year in review post looks at advancements we’ve made and offers a glimpse of the future.— Advanced Custom Fields (@wp_acf) January 6, 2023
© 2023 Advanced Custom Fields.